OLD Silk Road Intl

The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West. It was central to cultural interaction between the regions for many centuries.[1][2][3] The Silk Road refers to both the terrestrial and the maritime routes connecting East Asia and Southeast Asia with East Africa, West Asia and Southern Europe.

The Silk Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk carried out along its length, beginning in the Han dynasty (207 BCE–220 CE). The Han dynasty expanded the Central Asian section of the trade routes around 114 BCE through the missions and explorations of the Chinese imperial envoy Zhang Qian.[4] The Chinese took great interest in the safety of their trade products and extended the Great Wall of China to ensure the protection of the trade route.[5]

Trade on the Road played a significant role in the development of the civilizations of China, Korea,[6] Japan,[2] India, Iran, Afghanistan, Europe, the Horn of Africa and Arabia, opening long-distance political and economic relations between the civilizations.[7] Though silk was the major trade item exported from China, many other goods were traded, as well as religions, syncretic philosophies, sciences, and technologies. Diseases, most notably plague, also spread along the Silk Road.[8] In addition to economic trade, the Silk Road was a route for cultural trade among the civilizations along its network.[9]

Traders in ancient history included the Bactrians, Sogdians, Syrians, Jews, Arabs, Iranians, Turkmens, Chinese, Malays, Indians, Somalis, Greeks, Romans, Georgians, Armenians, and Azerbaijanis.[10]

In June 2014, UNESCO designated the Chang’an-Tianshan corridor of the Silk Road as a World Heritage Site. The Indian portion is on the tentative site list.

Silk Road
Map of Eurasia with drawn lines for overland and maritime routes

Main routes of the Silk Road
Route information
Time period Around 114 BCE – 1450s CE
Official name Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv, vi
Designated 2014 (38th session)
Reference no. 1442
Region Asia-Pacific

Foreign language terms

Language Text Transliteration (if applicable)
Chinese 絲綢之路 (traditional)
丝绸之路(simplified)
Sīchóu zhī lù
Sanskrit / Hindi कौशेय मार्ग Kausheya Maraga
Persian جاده ی ابریشم Jâdeye Abrišam
Shâhrâh-i Abrešim
Punjabi ਕੌਸ਼ਿਆ ਮਾਰਗ Kausheya Mārg
Urdu شاہراہ ریشم shah rah resham
Kannada ರೇಶ್ಮೆ ದಾರಿ Reshme dari
Kawi language Sutra dalan
Tamil பட்டு வழி Paṭṭu vaḻi
Uzbek إيباك يولي Ipak yo’li
Turkmen Ýüpek ýoly
Turkish İpek yolu
Azeri İpək yolu
Arabic طريق الحرير Tarīq al-Ḥarīr
Hebrew דרך המשי Derekh ha-Meshi
Greek Δρόμος του μεταξιού Drómos tou metaxioú’
Latin Via Serica
Armenian Մետաքսի ճանապարհ Metaksi chanaparh
Tagalog language Daang Sutla, Daang Seda
Somali language وادادا وادادا Waddada Waddada
Korean 비단길 Bidangil
Sinhala සේද මාවත Sedha mawatha

Source From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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